Personal conveyance rules confound carriers

Posted: 27 Nov, 2018 by Pat Pitz


Categories: Trucking Regulations

Tags: CarrierOwner-Operator

Carriers and drivers are being tripped up by their lack of understanding of the FMCSA's new personal conveyance guidance. So says John Seidl, a former state patrol inspector and FMCSA investigator who now serves as VP of Risk Services for Reliance Partners.

Seidl encourages all carriers to read Regulatory Guidance Concerning the Use of a Commercial Motor Vehicles for Personal Conveyance, which was issued by FMCSA in June.

FMCSA tried to cut through the confusion recently, when it issued Frequently Asked Questions that help to define what is and isn't allowed under personal conveyance regulations.

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What is personal conveyance?

Personal conveyance is the movement of a commercial motor vehicle in the off-duty status for personal use when the driver is relieved from all responsibility for performing work. Under new guidance from the FMCSA, personal conveyance can apply even when the vehicle is loaded (laden), as long as the load is not being transported for the commercial benefit of the carrier at that time.

For example, say a driver is picking up a load at a shipper’s location but arrives later than expected. By the time the vehicle is loaded and the driver is told to leave the yard, he has exceeded his hours of service limit. The driver can go off duty, and move the vehicle to the nearest safe, reasonable location to obtain required rest. But if the driver were to bypass a safe truck stop with available parking and continue to another location instead, that activity would not qualify as personal conveyance. The driver does not have any more hours of service left, so this activity would be illegal.

Seidl emphasizes that the nearest, safe, reasonable location can in fact be in the direction of the next delivery point. However, it must be the closest available location to where the driver just loaded and/or unloaded. If there's no parking available at the nearest truck stop, Seidl recommends that the driver take a photo or obtain some other proof that it was not a viable option, just in case he is questioned later.

What is allowed under personal conveyance rules?

Here are some other examples of appropriate uses of personal conveyance:

  • Time spent traveling between lodging (such as a motel or truck stop) and a restaurant or entertainment location.
  • Commuting a reasonable distance between the driver’s terminal, work site, or trailer yard to his or her residence. 
  • Moving a commercial motor vehicle at the request of a safety official (for example, being told to leave a rest location at the direction of law enforcement).

What is NOT allowed under personal conveyance rules?

Situations that would NOT be considered an appropriate use of personal conveyance include:

  • Time spent traveling to the carrier's terminal after loading or unloading from a shipper or a receiver.
  • Driving to a facility to have vehicle maintenance performed.
  • Bypassing available, safe rest areas in order to get closer to the next scheduled destination.

The situations above describe what is prohibited by FMCSA, but carriers may choose to adopt rules that are more restrictive. Seidl recommends that all carriers develop a formal personal conveyance policy and communicate it to their drivers. 

Personal conveyance rules apply to owner-operators as well as to large fleets, so Seidl suggests that O-Os think about different ways they might use a truck as personal conveyance, and then document the rules to ensure compliance.


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Leave your comments

  • profile


    • 11/27/2018 8:18:06 PM

    What is considered a reasonable distance to get home?

  • profile


    • 11/29/2018 7:48:38 AM

    Take a photo or obtain other proof that the nearest truck stop is full? GTFOH! The burden of proof that the United States has inadequate truck parking should not be a truck drivers responsibility!

    Reply 2 comments
  • profile


    • 12/3/2018 11:03:48 AM

    i should be allowed to drive to maintenance shop when i'm off duty, the weekend and on my off duty time is my time to keep up with truck repairs, if i'm on duty and try doing all my maintenance that takes away from my drive time, and if i have to wait 1-4 hrs i could be late for appointment that is another can of warms that is open, so the bottom line is the person that came up with that rule never drove in the date and time. shippers and receiver do not care about our trucks maintenance they want their product pickup on time and delivered on time.

  • profile


    • 1/3/2019 6:15:51 PM

    If the regs are that we have 10 hours off consecutive before driving again...then our Off time should Not count for our shift time.Off time is just that....Off...On is on......Driving is Off ..should be Off..Also...Govt needs to Provide a safe parking area...with place for us to eat as well. Not relying on truck stops....There is not enough places to common things we all need....So when the goods people need stop showing up at local retailers...then maybe govt will listen...and fix the roads and bridges.....or maybe we will just STOP...

  • profile

    Amarbir Gill

    • 1/5/2019 9:02:53 PM

    Government has to change HOS or there will be more shortage of Trucker Drivers . More and more drivers are quitting this profession , because it is becoming stressful. From Highway state troopers to four wheelers to Weigh station officer to parking avaiibity , the only one that is suffering , is a trucker .

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